What do you know about tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a re-emerging disease that, due to its association with HIV and anti-TB resistance, poses a challenge for public health in the world and at the regional level. According to the WHO report for 2015, in the world there were estimated 9.6 million people with tuberculosis, 5.4 million in men, 3.2 million in women and 1.0 million cases in children, 12% of the estimated total were HIV positive. In the same year, 1.5 million people died from the disease, including 0.4 million HIV-positive and 140,000 children, being one of the five leading causes of death in women between 15 and 44 years of age. With regard to MDR tuberculosis, it is estimated that only a third (123,000) of the cases were detected and reported.

In Colombia for 2016, 12,222 cases of tuberculosis, all new forms, were reported to the Public Health Surveillance System (Sivigila), for an incidence of 25.3 cases x 100 thousand inhabitants; of the 13,626 confirmed cases of tuberculosis all forms; 83.2 % (11,338 cases) belong to the pulmonary form, 16.8 % (2,288 cases) to extrapulmonary forms, among which 418 cases with meningeal location were registered.

Valle del Cauca is the second department after Antioquia with the highest report of new cases of tuberculosis, making it one of the territorial entities with a high risk of transmission of the disease at the national level, with a total of 1,548 new cases of tuberculosis from of which 1,292 were pulmonary tuberculosis and 256 extrapulmonary tuberculosis, with an incidence of TBTF of 36 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, much higher than the national level. For that same year, the mortality rate from tuberculosis in Colombia was 1.6 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. preliminary DANE, while for Valle del Cauca it was estimated at 2.4 per 100,000 inhabitants (3), well above

of national figures, reasons why the Valley continues to be a priority department for TB control from the national level.

Description of the disease
Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can affect any organ or tissue. However, the most common form of the disease is pulmonary, the main symptoms of which are:

  • Cough for more than 15 days.
  • Fever temperature 38 ° or more.
  • Weightloss.
  • Night sweats.
  • Feeling tired.
  • General discomfort.

Tuberculosis is transmitted from one person to another by droplets of saliva that remain in the air when untreated sick people eliminate by coughing, sneezing, talking, and not protecting their mouths with a handkerchief.

Risk factor's
It is important to bear in mind that this disease can affect anyone regardless of age, the most vulnerable population susceptible to presenting this disease are:

Kids
Older adults
Immunosuppressed people such as Cancer, Diabetes, Arthritis, HIV
Health personnel
Persons Deprived of Liberty (Prisons)
Consumers of Psychoactive Substances

Treatment
Tuberculosis is cured. It should be taken into account that one of the main problems with this disease is that patients do not take the full treatment and generate tuberculosis that can be resistant to drugs. If a person has been exposed to a possible contagion, it is recommended that they consult their doctor to rule out the disease and to assess the steps to follow. Depending on your circumstances (and those of the patient), your doctor will prescribe preventive treatment to avoid developing tuberculosis in the future.

 

The Comfenalco Valle delagente Family Compensation Fund, a member of the Family Compensation Fund Association, ASOCAJAS, generates social well-being for low- and middle-income workers and their families.

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