Alert with respiratory diseases

A simple cold can turn into a complex respiratory infection, if not treated properly. So that this does not happen, take preventive measures and be alert to the warning signs.
Warning Signs

It is very important that parents and caregivers of children and older adults recognize the warning signs that indicate when a common cold changes from a mild illness to a disease that can have complications. Faced with these, it is necessary to act immediately and consult your health services unit.
If you answered yes to any of these questions, go immediately to your health services unit.
Protective measures to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses

Remove jewelry and other items It is important that in times of higher respiratory infections, protective measures are used to create barriers to transmission against microorganisms.
Hygienic hand washing: Hand washing is the most effective general measure, with quick and easy access.
Use plain water and soap, preferably liquid
Lather your palms, fingers on top, bottom and sides, clean your nails and lastly wrists. At the end of lathering and if it is a bar, rinse it under running water and place it in its place.
Finally, dry them with a clean towel.
Remember to do this hygienic handwashing routinely, before eating, coughing or sneezing, and every time you come in contact with secretions.
Respiratory hygiene
If you have signs and symptoms of a respiratory infection and are coughing and sneezing, do not cover your mouth or nose with your hands.
  • Use paper towels. If you don't have it on hand at the moment, use your arm.
  • If you need to blow your nose, use disposable wipes and throw them away after use.
  • Perform hand washing.
  • Remember that the use of paper towels should be only once and for personal use, distribute to each member of your family the ones you consider necessary.
Use of face masks

Due to the high turnover of respiratory viruses, the use of disposable masks is recommended if you have the flu or a cold.
  • Position the upper and lower edge of the mask horizontally, some have a small plastic or malleable metal piece, this should be located at the top of the nose.
  • Once the mask is placed, it must have the same position, that is, the side that already came into contact with your face must always be the same.
  • The top of the mask should cover up to the middle of the nasal septum and under the chin. Once in place, gently pull it away from your lips and nostrils.
  • It can be used as long as it is kept clean and without deformation. If it gets wet or splashed, it should be discarded.
  • To dispose of it, break it, put it in a separate small bag and tie it tight.
  • Remember routine hand washing.
How to properly use an inhaler?
  • Shake the medicine for about 15 seconds.
  • Assemble the inhaler: Remove the cap from the medication, insert it into the actuator, and remove the protective cap from the mouthpiece.
  • If you use inhalochamber, put the mouthpiece of the assembled inhaler into the hole in the base of the inhalochamber, making a perfect fit.
  • Tilt your head back a little.
  • Check that the base of the inhaler is facing up.
  • Insert the mouthpiece into your mouth, pressing your lips around it. If you are using an inhaler, position it so that it covers your mouth and nose.
  • Press the cap of the inhaler once and take a deep breath in through your mouth, hold it in your lungs for about 10 seconds, and breathe out slowly through your nose.
  • If the patient is a small child, instruct him to breathe slowly, but if he does not, let him breathe normally, keeping the inhalation chamber over his mouth and nose, avoiding leaks.
  • If the doctor orders several "puffs or shots" in the same shot, repeat the above indication as many times as necessary with 1 minute intervals between each application.
  • Remove the inhaler from your mouth, clean the mouthpiece, cover it, and store it in a safe place. If you used inhalochamber, separate it from the inhaler.
  • If the inhaler is beclomethasone (steroid), you should wash your mouth after each inhalation, as it produces a dry sensation and can cause mouth infections.
How do you know if your child's cold or flu is getting complicated?
Observe carefully and answer the following questions: It is important that the child is calm (No crying)
  • Is under 2 months of age and cannot breastfeed
  • Is between 0 and 2 months old and takes more than 60 breaths per minute
  • Is between 2 and 11 months old and takes more than 50 breaths per minute
  • Is between 1 and 5 years old and takes more than 40 breaths per minute
  • The ribs are too noticeable
  • Vomits everything you eat or drink
  • Has nasal flaring. That is, when you breathe, your nostrils open and close rapidly.
  • When you breathe, you hear a whistling or snore in your lungs
  • Have seizures
  • Cannot wake you easily or is unconscious
  • Fever greater than 38.5 degrees Celsius of more than two days of evolution.
  • In school-age children, adolescents, and adults:
  • You have choking or shortness of breath (including feeling short of breath).
  • Chest pain when breathing or coughing.
  • Decay or excessive tiredness.
  • Fever greater than 38.5 degrees Celsius of more than two days of evolution.
  • It presents expectoration with yellow material or with spots of blood.

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